Today, we are asked to believe that we are surrounded by space that is deficient of enough energy and matter to make the observed universe function according to the laws of physics. The deficit is made up of ‘dark’ matter – some 25% and ‘dark’ energy 70% – both ‘dark’ because their existence or nature cannot be detected by even the most sensitive detectors known to the scientific world (yet). Dark matter is explained as matter that does not interact with baryonic matter (the normal stuff we all know and love), does not emit light, but does exert a (perhaps different?) gravitational force. The latest explanation of what dark energy is calls it (maybe) a fifth and previously unknown type of fundamental force called quintessence, which fills the universe like a fluid.
Particle Scientists are prepared to spend £billions worth of advanced research time and money to prove their hypotheses – I prefer to call them fudge factors, formulae with corrective factors applied to calculations to make the answer come out right, i.e. to fit the hypothesis. They don’t know what dark matter (or energy) is, so they need to make some, (although they don’t know what it is) so that they can measure its effects and behaviour and then find a detector system powerful enough to do that, if they can manufacture some – sounds suspiciously like a circular argument to me.
One might reasonably expect such huge scientific intellects to use their common sense, if they have any. Even Einstein had to un-think his fudge factor – Einstein’s Cosmological Constant – when experimental science caught up with his General Theory of Relativity. Like, think again. But they don’t, they keep trying to ‘blind us with science’, producing more and more fantastical simulation graphics to ‘prove’ that the universe is flying apart at a speed that would actually ensure that we will never be able to see anything outside our own galaxy. The light that is reaching us from the furthest stars is billions of years old – nearly 14 billion! If this rate of expansion has been going on since ‘shortly’ after the Big Bang 13.6+ billion years ago and the earth has existed for about 4.5 billion of those, then surely none of it could be reaching us now.
The mathematics of advanced physics are way beyond anything I have ever been able to grasp, quantum mechanics in particular. This is the branch of physics dealing with the infinitesimally small, used to explain the function and behaviour of such mysterious particles as quarks and leptons, bosons, photons and the like. Unlike its big brother, Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, which describes the behaviour and function of all objects with mass that we can see and which obeys all the laws of physics, and is fully quantifiable, Quantum Mechanics appears to follow its own rules – except where gravity, not an electromagnetic force, is concerned.
Here we delve into the realm of matter and antimatter, which when they collide produce energy, pure energy – Star Trek, Here we come! Scientists tel us there is more matter than antimatter in the universe for reasons unknown. It would appear that matter and antimatter have been colliding since time as we know it began, producing vast amounts of energy that goes into the creation of more and more matter and antimatter available to collide with each other, producing more and more energy, and so on.
Perhaps as the building blocks of the universe fly apart, thus creating huge empty spaces in space filled with quintessentially fluid dark energy, then there are fewer collisions between matter and antimatter and therefore less surplus energy being produced. Perhaps it is all this surplus energy that is driving the universe into its race to escape from the scene of its creation, like a crowd flying from a terrorist bomb blast, individual people crashing into one another as they try to escape and running off in dizzyingly different directions and different speeds.
As the universe ages, more and more stars are maturing, using up their fuel and collapsing in on themselves, becoming red or white dwarfs or exploding spectacularly as supernovae and possibly forming new galaxies swirling around the black hole left by such an event – a mini Big Bang even. Do such new galaxies collide with older existing ones? Do they merge or consume each other when they do? This is all a work in progress. Theories abound, but there is very little observed proof.
Scientists think that, with a degree of certainty, they do know what happens with regard to the actions and interactions of large stellar objects, both in our own galaxy and in the many billions of others that are moving away from us at such tremendous speed. Unfortunately, another hypothesis is emerging that makes a case for two kinds of gravity, one that effects matter within galaxies and another which effects galaxies themselves.
However, the ‘deeper’ they delve into the infinitesimally small world of quantum mechanics, the less they can say that they understand anything. When they talk of particles being paired in ‘quantum entanglement’ across galaxies and reacting identically and simultaneously without any quantifiable information linkage between them, then things become very strange indeed. Even Einstein called this phenomenon: ‘Spooky action at a distance’ – he didn’t actually. He called it ‘Spukhafte Entfernung’ – German can be so much more concise, even if a little boring!
I quote: ‘The rules of quantum physics state that an unobserved photon exists in all possible states simultaneously but, when observed or measured, exhibits only one state.’ In other words, if you’re not looking at a particle, whatever it may be, then it still exists doing everything that such particles can do and in any state such particles can adopt. If you happen to look at such a particle, then it will do only the one thing it was doing at the moment you caught it at it – it will appear as you want it to be.
Are there fairies at the bottom of your garden?